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Solutions for Gas and Liquid Pipelines: Equipment, Service and Consulting for the Oil and Gas Industry
Pipelines are an efficient means of transporting crude oil, hydrocarbon products, CO2, natural gas, liquid petroleum gas and other important fossil fuels – as well as raw materials and products – speedily, safely and smoothly. This calls for comprehensive solutions for gas turbines, compression and pumping, plus flexible drive systems. Other vital elements of a reliable oil and gas infrastructure are SCADA, systems for pipeline monitoring, management information and telecommunications.
Pipelines need to be constantly and reliably operated and monitored in order to ensure maximum operating efficiency, safe transportation, minimal downtimes and to maintain environmental and quality standards. Being able to offer technically proven, standardized solutions from a single source enables Siemens to help its customers reduce risk and increase delivery reliability. As an experienced supplier for the oil gas industry, Siemens contributes
Turbines, Compressors and Pumping
Siemens offers field-proven gas turbines, compressors and electric drives. Custom-designed machines are engineered to meet specific customer requirements, e.g. solutions with extended operating ranges to cope with daily or seasonal swings in demand. Whether off-the-shelf or custom-built, Siemens compression and pumping solutions undergo elaborate testing of all string components before delivery to customers’ sites, thus ensuring that tight project schedules are not obstructed by unforeseen problems.
Field Instrumentation & Analytics
A comprehensive field instrumentation and analytics portfolio designed to provide operation-relevant data directly from all facilities along a pipeline, enabling the operations control system to run the facility with optimum productivity and efficiency.
Valve, metering, custody station references
Gazoduc Maghreb natural gas pipeline
Gazoduc Maghreb natural gas pipeline, operated by Sonatrach, Hassi R’mel, Algeria, 520 km from Moroccan border.
Main control center, sub-control center – references
Siemens Value Propositions for Pipelines include:
Siemens brings to the industry the widest portfolio of integrated solutions for Pipelines. Our solutions are available with a wide range of ratings and configurations, matching stringent needs of oil and gas transmission. The portfolio includes Gas Turbines, Compression and pumping solutions, Integrated SCADA, Automation, Safety, Instrumentation, Electricals, Energy management, Pipeline Monitoring System, Management Information systems, Supply chain solutions, Fire & Gas, Integrated Telecommunications, Intrusion prevention, Security, building management, E-houses, Solar panels, & partial FEED services that ensure a lower total cost of investment, Pipeline operations at peak efficiency levels, excellent environmental performance, a high level of asset management, higher availability, derisking of operations management and management of key performance indicators thus translating into unrivalled lifetime value."
Siemens contributes with:
Siemens provides services and equipment supply. The services will include detailed engineering, system engineering, interface management, procurement, installation and commissioning.
Siemens has a global specialist network providing services from consultation through design, project management and engineering, software engineering, local manufacturing, delivery/erection, commissioning and training to service and maintenance of existing facilities.
In order to achieve a successful project implementation for all, a separate project organization will be formed.
Our past project experience in a large number of international Turn-Key contracts either as main contractor, consortium member or EPC subcontractor will form the basis for the competent and successful management for the Project.
Crucial Success factors of our project management strategy are, amongst others:
Operations Intelligence enables plant floor and operations personnel, as well as senior management, to monitor real time performance against business goals, by providing a common view of all critical business and operational data from disparate sources throughout the enterprise.
The solutions are designed to help drive the business to achieve new benchmarks.
Decision critical information is presented to the right people in a way that is easy to assimilate, without clouding the real meaning of the data.
The Siemens solution focuses on studying your pipeline and advising you on the business management modules that pipeline operators must implement.
The next step is to deploy the Siemens XHQ to monitor key performance indicators.
Siemens Pipeline IT Solutions deliver the most advanced IT portfolio for the pipeline industry. Designed to ensure full interoperability with the business level, visibility for fast decision making and planning, and complete integration of the supply chain. Siemens Pipeline IT solutions seamlessly integrate the Automation, MES and ERP levels.
The real time Operation Intelligence system XHQ aggregates and integrates information in one place regardless of the source enabling operation and maintenance personnel, as well as the management, to monitor real-time performance against business goals, by providing a common view of all critical business and operational data from disparate sources of information throughout the pipeline commercial and technical operation.
Siemens offers dedicated packages for MES applications in line with international standards (ISA-95) for Pipeline Operations, Metering, Tank Farm Management and Resource Management.
Siemens also provides Advance Pipeline Application ranging from Batch Tracking, Leak Detection Systems as well as simulation and ‘Playback’ Systems and training systems.
Pipeline Management Dashboards
Pipeline Maintenance and Asset intelligence
Real-time Monitoring and Alerting
Revamps and Upgrades
Oil and gas plant managers are continuously evaluating the actual plant performance and compliance with applicable health, safety and environmental standards. Frequently, these cannot be met with the existing obsolescent equipment. The aging equipment induces furthermore increasing operating & maintenance costs and constantly reduces plant availability and reliability.
For plants where the above applies to, Siemens provides customized solutions for the revamp and upgrade of Compressor and Pump Stations according to applicable international, local and customer specific standards as well as best practice.
Siemens Solutions may consists of the revamp and upgrade of an entire gas Compressor Station or liquid Pump Station. Another Siemens Solution covers just unit- and/or station- control systems or the replacement of a gas turbine by an electrical variable speed drive system including the upgrade of the power supply and distribution systems.
The Siemens Revamp and Upgrade Solutions, in general, do consider following disciplines:
The positive impact after Revamp
The general overall scope for a Revamp
|Process, Mechanical, Piping||Electrical, Automation||Services|
|Skid design, incl. components||Electric motors & Drive systems||Feasibility Study & FEED|
|Train Torsional Analysis||Network stability study||Component Testing at factory|
|Foundation Analysis||Harmonic study||Performance Testing at site|
|Structural Analysis||Unit/Station control systems||Installation & Commissioning|
|Auxiliary systems||Power Transformers||Long Term Maintenance|
|Plant Layout||HV, MV & LV Switchgears||Remote and OnCall Service|
|Fire and gas detection||Harmonic filters|
|Cathodic protection||LV, MCCs, UPS, DC|
|Instrumentation||Emergency power supply|
|SIL Study||Grounding systems|
|HAZOP/HAZID Study||Indoor and outdoor lighting|
Siemens offers integrated state-of-the-art pump station solutions that are based on the company’s comprehensive expertise and practical experience.
They ensure optimal processes, seamless IT integration, and service throughout the entire life cycle of the station, which result in long-term profitability and competitiveness of the entire asset.
That is why pump station solutions from Siemens are favourable for the replacement of older pump stations within existing pipelines and for new pipelines alike.
Modular, complete, tried and proven, swiftly implemented – quite a number of advantages speak in favour of the integrated modular pump station solutions from Siemens. All components are pre-engineered pre-tested and thus guarantee flawless operation without any teething problems right from the beginning. Interface problems between engineering and construction become a thing of the past, because the entire station comes as an integrated “plug and play” solution with all components preconfigured and mounted on skids, thus ensuring fast project implementation and outstanding flexibility.
With a scope of supply and services that also includes initial studies and concepts, legal and financing services, project management, procurement, and maintenance and life cycle services, Siemens pump stations become real peace-of-mind-solutions for customers and end users.
Secure the lead in Greenfield development
Along with these operational advantages that benefit the operator of the pipeline, Siemens pump stations have much to offer when it comes to the construction of new pipelines: As a global player in the oil and gas business with local presence in more than 190 countries, Siemens has huge and reliable capacities all over the world, which makes possible the fast engineering and implementation even of large projects. This also means that the customer does not need to build up expensive in-house capacities for engineering, procurement, and system integration. Moreover, Siemens takes full liability for the entire pump station, thus reducing the customer’s business risks.
Flexible enough to let all parties involved contribute their core competences, the integrated pump station solutions from Siemens may comprise:
Siemens – the one-stop shop for pump station solutions
Strong benefits for your Pipeline Pump projects
Pressure Safety Systems, Emergency Shut Down Systems
Siemens presents the most complete set of technology and solutions for fail safe related applications based on a wide range of systems like our SCADA system which is one of the few with SIL 3 certification in the market.
Also our Fail Safe, Fault Tolerant Automation with Flexible Modular Redundancy (FMR) provide scalable, cost-effective solutions that allow to implement multiple levels of fault-tolerance exactly where it is needed for the application concept which allows standard and safety systems to be combined into one integrated overall system without compromising on the pipeline operation performance.
Our safety systems are SIL 3 certified and can fulfill the most demanding operation scenarios. All the communication between the safety related systems is performed through safety certified communication which enables certified failsafe and fault-tolerant communications between CPUs, distributed safety I/O and even safety-rated process instruments.
The Safety lifecycle engineering tools significantly reduce engineering, commissioning and maintenance efforts while automating compliance with IEC 61511
All our safety systems can be integrated into one common control, monitoring and safety platform called Integrated Control and Safety System (ICSS) facilitating the operation and engineering of the systems therefore improving significantly the cost of ownership of the system as well as the reliability and safety of the system which is a critical point in the pipeline segment. The Basic Process Control System (BPCS) and Safety Shutdown System (SIS) run in a common but independent controller platform and a single tool for engineering, operation and maintenance.
Siemens provides first-class automation solutions for process safety – for liquid and gas pipelines, in applications such as:
Siemens provides integral safety solutions covering the entire life cycle of the safety systems within a pipeline:
Siemens provides state-of-the-art Pipeline SCADA, automation and control systems. These systems are field-proven under the harshest environmental conditions and architectural requirements.
Operations, Security and Data Integrity
|Field bus||Tele Control System (RTU)||General Applicom Driver Interface||Direct TCP/IP Drivers|
|Profibus DP / FMS, S7 Communication, TLS, MPI||SAT-SSI, IEC 60870-5-10x,||Ethernet||Industrial Ethernet S7, Modbus TCP, AB Ethernet/IP,|
|RK512, 3964R, etc.|
Consistency and Ease-of-Use
Flexibility, Life-Cycle Management and Protection of Investment
- GIS based maintenance suite,
- Advanced playback manager,
- Video & Access integration and control
- Operator Training System
Special Pipeline Applications integrated into the SCADA Platform
The platform and functionalities of our rapid, state-of-the-art SCADA systems provides access to consistent, real time raw data collected through out the pipeline network, process it and presents it in a meaningful format. This enables the pipeline managers to make sound operational decisions based on accurate real-time information.
The automation systems provide a seamless content approach for station automation, unit control of pumps and compressors, remote terminal units for Block line valve, pig scrapper & cathodic protection stations.
The key parameters guaranteed by the Siemens SCADA system are a very high level of data integrity and replication of data over wide area networks; unlimited scalability of hardware and software components; network, gateway and antivirus security; advance redundancy over distributed wide area networks; transparent diagnostics from connected third party systems; and above all seamless integration of the supervisory levels with the automation, Management Information System, Pipeline Monitoring System, Supply Chain Solutions, with communication, security and support systems.
Automation System comprise
A range of integrated communication solutions are provided by Siemens. These also include two different types of broadband fiber-optic communication equipment. The first is based on SDH (Surpass hi T) and the second is OTN (Open transport Network). The benefits of the SDH solution are well known. The OTN provides a protocol independent medium for transfer of voice, video and data and is extremely easy to engineer, commissioning and maintain. It is virtually plug and play. Network technology based on Scalance Systems provides pipeline operators with very high degree of flexibility yet maintaining iron tight network security and a high level of data integrity. The afore said solutions have been successfully integrated by Siemens with Trunk Radio systems, EPABX Systems, microwave Systems, V-SAT Systems, Video Conferencing, Air to Ground and Ship to Ground Communication Systems thus providing pipeline operators with a very versatile communication network both for operations, as well as maintenance. Siemens contributes with
Integrated telecommunication systems
COMPD electrical variable speed drives from Siemens are an attractive solution for the operation of compressors in pipeline compressor stations. Thanks to their flexible concept, these drive solutions can be designed to meet any performance needs. The absence of combustion emissions, low noise emissions and a high efficiency over a wide speed range resulting in an environmental friendly operation.
The bottom line for you is to ensure higher availability, increase economic efficiency and secure capital investments.
COMPD is the Siemens drive solution designed to meet the specific needs of pipeline compressors in the oil and gas industry. COMPD is a complete medium-voltage, variable speed drive system including all equipment, components and engineering and services needed to produce a functional system. High availability is achieved through proven design, high manufacturing quality and long-term experience, all of which helps protect your capital investments over the long term.
COMPD has been demonstrating its reliability for more than 30 years, and in numerous installed units with a record of excellent operation in a variety of applications. Our high manufacturing standards and superb design with conservative utilization of components enable long periods of operation without major overhauls, as proven in numerous reference installations across an output spectrum ranging up to 65 MW. Superior COMPD design translates directly into higher reliability and availability for your plant.
Key features characterize the COMPD performance:
Oil & Gas Pipelines are distributed along some of the vast and diverse areas, running distances of thousands of kilometers over sparsely or highly populated areas as well as extreme climatic and/or politically volatile regions. For this reason Pipelines present a high vulnerability to Accidents, Pilferage, Sabotage & Attacks. Tampering and weather related damages are also issues that are to be dealt with. This fact along with the heightened sensitivity around global energy issues on account of security of supply contributes to higher petroleum price volatility
The security of supply is ensured by the health of the pipeline infrastructure. Considering its value and importance for today’s economies and societies, appropriate measures have to be taken to protect such facilities against any accidental or unlawful attacks like digging on the pipeline right of way or driving a tractor etc.
Siemens offers the most comprehensive set of state-of-the-art security solutions for the oil and gas industry to protect and guarantee the integrity of the complete pipeline infrastructure for both, enclosed and cross country facilities. Enclosed facilities like Compressor and Pumping Stations, Storage & Utilities, Custody Transfer / Metering, Block Valve and Scrapper Stations are protected using perimeter intruder detection and access control technologies like video, fiber-based or infrared solutions, glass break detection, access control and access control using biometrics. Cross Country facilities as the actual pipeline and its right of way are protected using Fiber Optic or Sensor based detection technology, which detect and signals a disturbances on the right of way with great accuracy an a minimum number of false alarms. This helps in easier surveillance, securing of infrastructure and product, security of pipeline personnel, environmental protection and makes it easier for pipeline operators to honor their shipper commitments.
Siemens security solutions for Pipelines comprise:
To maximize efficiency of pipeline operations and return on investment the pipeline security solutions can be fully integrated with the pipeline SCADA and Telecommunication system.